Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation

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Overseas Named Groups - Africa, Middle East & Mediterranean 

Middle East Brigade

Formed 1 Jul 1916 to control all RFC units in Egypt, Salonika, Mesopotamia and East Africa.  Renamed HQ RFC Middle East, 5 Oct 1917.

 1 Jul 1916:               Brig-Gen W G H Salmond


HQ RFC Middle East

Formed 5 Oct 1917 by renaming Middle East Brigade.  Raised to Divisional status, 14 Dec 1917.

 5 Oct 1917:              Brig-Gen W G H Salmond

 5 Nov 1917:             Brig-Gen W S Brancker


Palestine Brigade

Formed 5 Oct 1917 to control all RFC operational units east of Suez for the forthcoming offensive against the Turks. 

 5 Oct 1917              Brig-Gen W G H Salmond (retained command of HQ RFC Middle East)

 5 Nov 1917             Brig-Gen W S Brancker (retained command of HQ RFC Middle East)

14 Dec 1917            Brig-Gen A E Borton

xx Nov 1918            Lt Col R Williams

xx Jan 1919


Training Brigade (Middle East)

Formed 14 Dec 1917 to control all RFC training units west of Suez.

14 Dec 1917              Brig-Gen P L W Herbert

xx xxx 1919                ?


Egypt/Egyptian Group

Formed 18 Mar 1920 by renaming Training Brigade. Disbanded xx Jan 1925

18 Mar 1920            ?

1 Jun 1920             A/Cdre O Swann

1 Jan 1922             A/Cdre B C H Drew

2 May 1924           A/Cdre R H Clark-Hall

Listings of units and personnel controlled by this Group available in the Member Areas


Egypt Group 

Formed 18 Apr 1939. Renamed No 202 Group, 21 Sep 1939.

18 Apr 1939                     A/Cdre R Collishaw


Palestine Group

Formed 18 Mar 1920. Reduced to Palestine Wing, 1 Apr 1922.

19 Mar 1920             Wg Cdr S Grant-Dalton

5 Nov 1920               Gp Capt U J D Bourke

Listings of units and personnel controlled by this Group available in the Member Areas


Malta Group

Formed 1 Apr 1918?. Renamed Mediterranean District, xx xxx 1919?.


Mediterranean District

Formed xx xxx 1919?. Renamed Mediterranean Group, 1 Apr 1920? .

2 Apr 1919               A/Cdre O Swann


Gibraltar Group

Formed 1 Apr 1918.  Disbanded xx xxx xxxx.


RAF Trans-Jordania

Formed 1 Apr 1922  to control RAF units operating in the mandated territories under the control of Palestine Command.  Renamed RAF Transjordan, xx xxx 1925.

1 Apr 1922                Gp Capt R Gordon

16 Apr 1923              Gp Capt N D K MacEwen


RAF Transjordan

Formed by renaming RAF Trans Jordania, xx xxx1925.  Absorbed into HQ Transjordan & Palestine 1 Oct 1926

xx xxx 1925             Gp Capt N D K MacEwen

6 May 1926 ?


HQ RAF Palestine & Transjordan

Reduced from Command status, 21 Feb 1928.  Raised to Command status to control the RAF element of British Forces in Palestine & Transjordan, 15 Sep 1936?.

15 Nov 1928            Gp Capt P H L Playfair

7 Sep 1929               AVM H C T Dowding

1 Dec 1929               A/Cdre P H L Playfair

20 Nov 1930             A/Cdre W R Freeman

30 Sep 1933              A/Cdre-AVM R E C Peirse (also AOC, British Forces in Palestine & Transjordan)

15 Sep 1936             A/Cdre R M Hill

10 Aug 1939             A/Cdre J H D'Albiac


General Reconnaissance Group 

Formed xx Sep 1939 at Gibraltar.  Renamed No 200 (General Reconnaissance) Group, 21 Sep 1939.


General Reconnaissance Group 

Formed 8 Sep 1939 at Alexandria.  Renamed No 201 (General Reconnaissance) Group, 18 Sep 1939.


Maintenance Group 

Formed 17 Jun 1941 in RAF Middle East. Renamed No 206 Group, 1 Sep 1941

xx xxx 1941                         Gp Capt C B Cooke


Rhodesian Air Training Group

Formed xx xxx194? as a joint UK-Rhodesian training agreement. Disbanded xx xxx xxxx.  Reformed xx Jan 1946.  Disbanded xx Apr 1954.

21 Mar 1940                   AVM C W Meredith

xx xxx xxxx                      A/Cdre J W B Grigson (Acting)

30 Oct 1946                    A/Cdre G G Banting

19 Feb 1949                    A/Cdre N S Allinson

 4 May 1951                    A/Cdre H H Brookes

16 Jan 1952/3                  A/Cdre G Bearne


This page was last updated on 09/06/17 using FrontPage 2003 

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