Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation
Air Chief Marshal Sir Roderic Hill
1 Mar 1894
r: 1 Jul 1948
d: 6 Oct 1954
KCB - 1 Jan 1944 (CB -
1941), MC - 14 Nov 1916, AFC - 3 Aug 1918, Bar -
Dec 1921], MiD - 1 Jan 1916, MiD - 31 Oct 1938,
MID - 23 Dec 1938, MiD - 25 Apr 1939, LoM (Cdr) - 9 Oct
1945, WL1 - 15 Mar 1946,
MID - 23 Dec 1938, MiD - 25 Apr 1939, LoM (Cdr) - 9 Oct 1945, WL1 - 15 Mar 1946,LeoP (Cdr) - 25 Jun 1948, CdeG (P) (B) - 25 Jun 1948, MA (Oxford) - 1931, Hon LL.D (Glasgow), FRAeS, 'RM Groves Aeronautical Research Prize' - xx Aug 1922
For a list of foreign decoration abbreviations,
For a list of foreign decoration abbreviations, click here
2 Lt: xx Dec 1914, (T) Capt: 11 Dec 1916, (T)
Maj: 1 Apr 1917.
- (H) Maj [Capt]:
1 Apr 1918, Sqn Ldr: 1 Aug 1919 [1 Apr 1918], Wg
Cdr: 1 Jul 1925, Gp Capt: 1 Jul
1932, A/Cdre: 1 Jul 1936, AVM:
1 Apr 1939, Act AM: 29 Nov 1940 - 20 Sep 1942, Act AM: 15 Nov 1943, (T)
AM: 16 Aug 1944, AM: 6 Jun 1945, ACM: 16 Jan 1947.
Aug 1914: Private, 18th Royal Fusiliers.
Dec 1914: Officer, 12th Northumberland Fusiliers.
Flying Officer, RFC.
Pilot, No 60 Sqn RFC. (Nieuport Scout – Western Front)
Flight Commander, No 60 Sqn RFC.
1 Apr 1917: Officer Commanding, Experimental Flying Department.
1 Aug 1919: Awarded Permanent Commission as a Major (gazetted 22 Aug 1919)
Officer Commanding, Experimental Section - RAE Farnborough.
Attended RAF Staff College.
(Temporary) Air Staff Duties, HQ Inland Area.
Officer Commanding (designate?), No 45 Sqn.
Officer Commanding, No 45 Sqn. (Vernon – Egypt/Iraq)
Nov 1925: Technical Staff, HQ RAF Middle East.
Directing Staff, RAF Staff College.
University Air Squadron.
Deputy Director of Repair and Maintenance.
1 Jan 1934 - xx xx xxxx: Air ADC to The King.
AOC, Palestine & Transjordan Command.
Director of Technical Development.
Director-General of Research and Development.
Controller of Technical Development, British Air Mission - Washington.
Commandant, RAF Staff College.
AOC, No 12 Group.
AOC in C, Air Defence of Great Britain.
AOC in C, Fighter Command.
14 May 1945: Air Member for Training.
4 May 1946 - xx xxx xxxx: Principal Air ADC to The King.
Air Member for Technical Services.
Having studied Fine
Arts at University College, London with the intention of becoming an architect,
his interest was turning to flying and with his brother, built and flew a glider
of his own design in 1913. This
academic background and practical experience was to prove useful to him in his
future career as he progressed from technical posts to operational commands and
back again. One of his fellow
officers on 60 whilst he was serving with unit was the famous Albert Ball, later
to be awarded the VC. Whilst
commanding 45, he took part in the Cairo - Baghdad Mail Run and the Baghdad
Airlift. Retiring form the
RAF, he entered the academic field as Rector of Imperial College of Science and
Technology, a post he held until his death.
He had also been vice-chancellor of the University of London, having been
elected in 1953 but which he had resigned in June 1954 due to his ill-health.
He was also a Fellow of University College.
Air Marshal Hill's personal Tempest V during
Citation for the award of the Military Cross "Temp. 2nd Lt. Roderic Maxwell Hill,
North'd Fus. and R.F.C. For conspicuous skill and gallantry.
Under very heavy fire he dived at an enemy
balloon, and brought it down in flames. On the day before
he had dived at a balloon under heavy fire at a low
altitude, but had just missed his mark."
(London Gazette - 14 November 1916)
Air Marshal Hill's personal Tempest V during 1946
Citation for the award of the Military Cross
"Temp. 2nd Lt. Roderic Maxwell Hill, North'd Fus. and R.F.C.
For conspicuous skill and gallantry. Under very heavy fire he dived at an enemy balloon, and brought it down in flames. On the day before he had dived at a balloon under heavy fire at a low altitude, but had just missed his mark."
(London Gazette - 14 November 1916)
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