Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation
Air Vice Marshal H A C Bird-Wilson (40335)
Harold Arthur Cooper
b: 20 Nov 1919
r: 1 Jun 1974
27 Dec 2000
- 1 Jan 1962,
DSO 9 Jan 1945, DFC 24 Sep 1940, Bar 29 Oct
1943, AFC 1 Jan 1946, Bar 1 Jan 1955, DFC (N)
10 Jan 1947, MoM1 20 Apr 1948.
For a list of foreign decoration abbreviations,
For a list of foreign decoration abbreviations, click here
Act Plt Off (P): 30 Nov 1937, Plt Off: 27 Sep 1938, Fg Off: 27 Jun 1940, Flt Lt (WS): 27 Jun 1941, Act Sqn Ldr: xx Apr 1942?, (T) Sqn Ldr: 1 Jul 1943, Act Wg Cdr: 2 Feb 1943?, Sqn Ldr (WS): 2 Aug 1943, Sqn Ldr: 1 Aug 1947, Wg Cdr: 1 Jan 1953, Gp Capt: 1 Jan 1959, A/Cdre: 1 Jan 1963, AVM: 1 Jan 1970.
27 Sep 1937: Pupil pilot, No 7 E & RFTS, Deford
Nov 1937: Granted a Short Service Commission.
Nov 1937: Initial Officer Training, RAF Depot.
Dec 1937: U/T Pilot, No 3 FTS.
9 Jul 1938: Pilot, No 17 Sqn.
xx Aug 1938: Attended Navigation Course (Brough)
19 Sep 1938: Hospitalised and Recuperation.
28 Dec 1939: Pilot, No 17 Sqn.
15 Jan - 24 Feb 1940: Attended Course No 5, No 12 Group Pool, Aston Down.
24 Sep 1940: Shot down, baled out and taken to hospital with burns to legs and face, recuperating
1 Oct 1940: Pilot, No 17 Sqn.
xx Nov 1940: Instructor, No 56 OTU.
15 Jan 1941 Instructor, No 55 OTU
10 Mar 1941: Flight Commander, No 234 Sqn.
xx Aug 1941: Instructor, No 52 OTU.
Transferred to RAFO and re-employed
16 Dec 1941: Officer Commanding, 'A' Flight, No 52 OTU.
xx Apr 1942: Officer Commanding, No 152 Sqn.
xx Aug 1942: Hospitalised.
xx Nov 1942: Supernumerary, No 118 Sqn.
Officer Commanding, No 66 Sqn.
xx May 1943: Wing Commander - Flying, No 122 Airfield
26 Sep - 3 Oct 1943 Attended a course at RAF Old Sarum
5 - 24 Oct 1943 Attached to No 129 Airfield (with Nos 19, 65 and 122 Sqns)
25 Nov 1943: Staff, No 15 Wing?
xx Jan 1944: Attended Command and General Staff School, Levenworth, Texas.
xx Apr 1944: Wing Commander - Training, HQ No 85 Group.
Wing Commander - Flying, Perranporth/Harrowbeer Wing.
Wing Leader, Bentwaters Wing.
Air Staff, HQ No 11 Group
Appointed to Permanent Commission in the rank of Flight Lieutenant (retaining
rank current at the time).
1 Sep 1945 antedated to 1 Dec 1942 on 25 Feb 1947]
[effective 1 Sep 1945 antedated to 1 Dec 1942 on 25 Feb 1947]
Officer Commanding, No 1335 Jet Conversion Unit.
Officer Commanding, Air Fighting Development Sqn, Central Fighter Est.
Air Staff - Operations, HQ Middle East Air Force.
Attended RAF Staff College.
PSO to AOC, Middle East Air Force.
Attended RAF Flying College, Manby.
Officer Commanding, Tactics Branch, CFE.
Officer Commanding, Air Fighting Development Sqn, CFE.
Staff Officer - Fighter Operational Development, B.J.S.M., Washington.
Staff, Air Secretary's Department.
Officer Commanding, RAF Coltishall.
Air Staff -Intelligence, Air Ministry.
Commandant, Central Flying School.
AOC, RAF Hong Kong.
Director of Flying (Research & Development), Ministry of Technology.
AOC, No 23 Group.
Commander, Southern Maritime Air Region.
Throughout his his service career he was known affectionately as 'Birdy' and was born in Prestatyn, North Wales, although he spent the next four years in Bengal, where his father managed a tea plantation. He returned to the UK at the age of four and an half to attend school, along with his two elder sisters. He and his sisters spent their school holidays on the Isle of Wight and here he was captivated by flying, when he witnessed the Schneider Cup Races and had his first flight with Alan Cobham's Flying Circus.
Leaving school in 1937, he decided to join the RAF and was awarded a short service commission and was then posted to No 3 FTS at Grantham. His operational career started on Gloster Gauntlets with No 17 Squadron at Kenley. Shortly after joining the squadron he was sent to Brough, near Hull to undertake a navigation course. Whilst on this course, in September 1938, he was flying with another officer in a BA Swallow and their aircraft was caught in a storm near Cranwell and crashed, resulting in the death of the pilot and 'Birdy' being seriously injured, losing his nose. During his recovery, he was placed in the care of Archibald McIndoe, who was able to rebuild his nose and 'Birdy' became No 2 in the famous 'Guinea Pig Club'
On regaining his fitness, he returned to No 17 Squadron, which by this time had re-equipped with Hawker Hurricanes. He operated from bases in the UK, but was detached to France for a short spell prior to the collapse of the French. On 24 September 1940, he was shot down and his aircraft sent on fire, however, he was able to bail out and luckily landed in the Thames, which helped alleviate his burns. He was soon rescued by a Royal Navy MTB, but it was November before he returned to flying duties as an instructor.
He returned to operational flying in April 1941, as a flight commander with No 234 at Warmwell, flying
Spitfires, with the squadron carrying out convoy patrols, bomber escorts and 'Jim
Crows'. In August he returned to
instructional duties but in April 1942 he took command of No 152
Squadron Eglinton and remained with the squadron until just
prior to it's departure to the Middle East, due to a further period in hospital.
Returning to operations in November 1942, he assumed command of No 66
squadron, also equipped with Spitfires, before promotion
to Wing Commander, brought with it command of No 121 Airfield and later No 122 Airfield (later Wing)
consisting of No's 19, 65 and 122 Squadrons. His final score was
three destroyed, a share in a further six, three probable, three damaged and one
destroyed on the ground.
His final score was three destroyed, a share in a further six, three probable, three damaged and one destroyed on the ground.
the end of the war he found himself in command of the first Jet Conversion Unit
in the RAF and the following year he took command of the Air Fighting
Development Squadron of the Central Fighter Establishment. On 5 May 1947,
he was carrying out a practice interception on some Spitfires near Grantham,
when his Meteor disintegrated, however, he was able to separate himself from the
remains and deploy his parachute just in time, this was before the days of
ejector seats and this incident hastened their introduction. In
1953, he led four Venoms in inscribing by sky writing the letters VIVAT in 5
mile long letters at the Royal Review at Odiham.
He became the first Commandant of the CFS who had no experience as a QFI, although he had quite a wide ranging experience of developmental flying and whilst at Little Rissington, he authorised the formation of a permanent aerobatic display team, equipped with Folland Gnat trainers, and christened them the Red Arrows. His was next appointed AOC in Hong Kong and then he joined the Ministry of Technology as Director of Flying (Research and Development). Returning to a RAF command, he took command of No 23 Group, Training Command, before becoming Commander of the Southern Maritime Air Region in 1973, retiring at his own request the following year. He then joined the British Aircraft Corporation as their Deputy Chief Executive in Riyadh until September 1975. He then became Assistant to the Military Adviser at British Aerospace until ill health forced him to retire in 1984. His first wife, Audrey, died in 1991, but in 1994 he married again, to Margaret, a widow and family friend.
My thanks to 'Birdy's' son, Captain Stuart Bird-Wilson TD, for supplying additional information for this biography.
Citation for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.
Flying Officer Harold Arthur Cooper BIRD-WILSON (40335).
Flying Officer Bird-Wilson has shot down six enemy aircraft and shared in
the destruction of several others. He
has shown fine fighting qualities and determination in his attacks.
(London Gazette 24 September 1940)
Wing Commander Harold Arthur Cooper BIRD-WILSON, D.F.C. (40355),
Since being awarded a Bar to the Distinguished Flying Cross, this officer
has participated in a very large number of sorties.
He has continued to display the highest qualities of leadership, skill
and gallantry, qualities which have been well illustrated in the fine fighting
spirit of the squadrons he commands. Within
the past four months. Wing Commander Bird-Wilson has led large formations of
aircraft on a variety of sorties during which much success has been obtained.
Many enemy aircraft have been destroyed, whilst a good number of
locomotives, wagons, mechanical transport and armoured fighting vehicles
have been most effectively attacked.
Throughout these operations. Wing Commander Bird-Wilson has set an
example which has inspired all.
(London Gazette 9 January 1945)
BIRD-WILSON, Harold Arthur Cooper, A/W/C, DSO, DFC (40335, Royal Air Force) - No.1335 Jet Conversion Unit - Air Force Cross - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1946.
"Wing Commander Bird-Wilson has been in command of this unit since June 1943, during which time the unit has had the responsibility of converting both squadrons which re-equipped with this type of aircraft, as well as individual pilots of all grades up to air rank. The standard of flying and technical skill set by this officer as well as his personal courage and example in developing the tactical handling of the Meteor has proved an inspiration to all. Due primarily to the ability and skill of Wing Commanded Bird-Wilson, the record of the unit has been one of continuous and outstanding success in these arduous and unusual duties."
(Source - Air 2/9144)
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