Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation


Home Page

Main Menu

Quick Menu

Members' Area

What New?

About this site

Reunions

Help Needed?

Glossary

Bibliography

Sign Guest Book

View Guest Book

Link to Amazon

Online Store

Contact Me


Mechanical Transport (B Vehicles) - Emergency Vehicles


Throughout its life the RAF has used more motor vehicles then it has aircraft.  The term MT mean Mechanical Transport rather then Motor Transport as some of the earliest vehicles used were steam powered.  Much of the RAF's early MT equipment was taken over form the RFC and RNAS and much of this equipment continued to be used into the 1920s and even 1930s but in the 1920s it began to acquire its own equipment directly.

This list has been broken down into groups as shown above but does not claim to be exhaustive and further research is being undertaken.

W1 = Weight with vehicle equipment, but without load. W2 = Weight with vehicle equipment and load. Wt = Unladen weight, L = Length. W = Width. H = Height. H(max) = Maximum Height. H(min) = Minimum Height. ST(max) - Maximum Shipping Tonnage. ST(min) = Minimum Shipping Tonnage, WB = Wheelbase.  GC = Ground Clearance

* vehicles marked thus indicate the technical details are taken from Army sources rather than RAF, so may differ slightly.

Units of measurements are those used at the time the vehicles were in service.

1 kilogram (kg) = 2.2 pounds (lbs)

112 lbs = 1 Hundredweight (cwt)

1 Ton = 20 cwt

1 Tonne = 1,000 kg

1 metre (m) - 1,000 millimetres (mm)

25.4 mm = 1 inch (in)

12 inches = 1 foot (ft)

Designation

Notes

Ambulance, 2-stretcher, 4x2, Bedford CAL

L: 4.41m

W: 1.94m

H: 2.22m

WB: 2.64m

GC: 150mm

Based on the Bedford Dormobile

Ambulance, 2/4-stretcher, 4x4, Rover 9

L: 4.74m

W: 1.88m

H: 1.99m

WB: 2.77m

GC: 250mm

Used as an airfield crash/rescue vehicle

 

Ambulance, 2/4-stretcher, 4x4, Rover 9

 

Ambulance, 4-stretcher, LHD Rover

L: 4.39m

W: 2.13m

H: 2.69m (with beacon fitted)

WB: 2.56m

GC: 250mm

Based on the Forward Control 1-tonne Land Rover

Ambulance, 4x2, Bedford

 

Ambulance, 4x2, Morris Commercial

 

Ambulance, 6x4, Morris Commercial CD

 

 

Ambulance, 6x4, Morris Commercial CD

 

Ambulance, 4x4, Austin K2*

W1: 3-tons 1½ cwt

W2: 4-tons 0 cwt

L: 18ft 0in (internal - 8ft 7in)

W: 7ft 3in (internal - 6ft 5in)

H(max): 9ft 2in (internal - 5ft 5½in)

Engine:  Austin 6 cyl, 3.46l, 60 BHP at 3,000 rpm

 

Ambulance, 4x4, Austin K2

 

Ambulance, Albion type B

W1: 4-ton

L: 19ft 5½in

W: 7ft 7in

H(max): 9ft 2in

H(min): 8ft 3½in

ST(max): 33-tons/33 cu ft

ST(min): 30-tons/24 cu ft

Ambulance, 6x4, Morris type B

W1: 2-tons 14 cwt

W2: 3-tons 7 cwt

L: 17ft 5in

W: 6ft 4½in

H(max): 8ft 8in

ST(max): 24-tons/31 cu ft

Ambulance, Morris type Y

W1: 2-tons 15 cwt

W2: 3-tons 17 cwt

L: 17ft 10in

W: 6ft 8in

H(max): 8ft 4in

ST(max): 24-tons/31 cu ft

Ambulance, Clinic, 12-seater, 4x2, Bedford PJK

WB: 4.17m

GC: 190mm

Based on a Bedford bus

Ambulance, Domestic, 2-stretcher, 4x2, Bedford CF

L: 6.14m

W: 2.13m

H: 2.51m

 

Ambulance, Domestic, 2-stretcher, 4x2, Bedford CF

 

Ambulance, Heavy, 6x4, Fordson Thames Sussex

 

Ambulance, Heavy, 6x4, Fordson WOT1

 

Ambulance, 2/3-Stretcher, 4x2, Bedford A2Z

RAF Ref No (Vehicle): - 16A/2130

RAF Ref No (Chassis): -16A/2114

 

Engine: Bedford A2, petrol, 6-cyl, liquid cooled, 75 bhp @ 3,200rpm

L: 18ft 3in

W: 6ft 10in

H: 8ft 3½in

WB: 9ft 11in

Wt: 2-tons 11 cwt

Primarily for transfer and conveyance of casualties from a crash/rescue ambulance to Unit Sick Quarters or hospital.

 

Crown Copyright©

Ambulance, 2-Stretcher, 4x2, Bedford A2Z

RAF Ref No (Vehicle): - 16A/2113

RAF Ref No (Chassis): - 16A/2114

Engine: Bedford A2, 75 bhp @ 3,200rpm

L: 18ft 3in

W: 7ft 1in

H: 8ft 11in

WB: 9ft 11in

Wt: 2-tons 16 cwt

Special duties only between hospitals.

 

Ambulance, 2-Stretcher, 4x2, Bedford A2Z

Crown Copyright©

Ambulance, 4-Stretcher, 4x4, Austin K9

RAF Ref No (Vehicle): - 16A/2245 (UK)

RAF Ref No (Chassis): - 16A/1549 (UK)

RAF Ref No (Body): -16A/2293 (UK)

RAF Ref No (Vehicle): - 16A/2136 (Overseas)

RAF Ref No (Chassis): - 16A/1549 (Overseas)

RAF Ref No (Body): -16A/2293 (Overseas)

Engine: Austin Series 2, petrol 6-cyl, liquid cooled, 90 bhp @ 3,000 rpm

L: 18ft 3in

W: 7ft 5in

H: 9ft 5in

WB: 11ft 6in

Wt: 4-tons 7 cwt

Immediate crash/rescue duties

 

Ambulance, 4-Stretcher, 4x4, Austin K9

Crown Copyright©

Ambulance, 2/1-Stretcher, 4x4, Rover 4

RAF Ref No (Vehicle): - 16A/1912

RAF Ref No (Chassis): -16A/2283

RAF Ref No (Body): -16A/2302

Engine: Rover 2-litre, petrol, 4-cyl, liquid cooled, 52 bhp @ 4,000 rpm

L: 15ft 5in

W: 7ft 6in

H: 6ft 3in

WB: 8ft 11in

GC: 8in

Wt: 1-ton 14 cwt

Intended for operation in mountainous and desert conditions.  Accommodation fro driver and medical officer in cab with two stretcher and an attendant cases, or three sitting, one stretcher and an attendant . Comprehensive crash/rescue equipment carried for emergency use.

 

Ambulance, 2/1-Stretcher, 4x4, Rover 4

Crown Copyright©

Ambulance, 2/1-Stretcher, 4x4, Rover 9

RAF Ref No (Complete Vehicle): - 16A/2551

RAF Ref No (Chassis): -16A/2661

RAF Ref No (Body): -16A/2662

Engine: Rover 2¼-litre, petrol, 4-cyl, liquid cooled, 77 bhp @ 4,200 rpm

L: 15ft 6in

W: 6ft 3in

H: 7ft 0in

WB: 9ft 1in

GC: 9¾in

Wt: 1-ton 17 cwt

Intended for operation in mountainous and desert conditions. Two stretcher cases, four sitting and an attendant.  Locker provided for stowage of comprehensive crash equipment for emergency use.

 

Ambulance, 2/1-Stretcher, 4x4, Rover 9 from front

Ambulance, 2/1-Stretcher, 4x4, Rover 9 from rear

Crown Copyright©

Crash Tender, 4x4, Jeep

 

Fire Tender, 4x2, Bedford OYC

 

Fire Tender, 4x2, Dodge

 

Fire Tender, 4x4, Crossley FWD (Type T)

 

Hover over Link below for caption

© IWM (CH 5768)

Fire Tender, 6x4, Austin K6

 

 

Fire Tender, 6x4, Austin K6

 

Fire Tender, CO2, 6x4, Austin K6

 

 

Fire Tender, CO2, 6x4, Austin K6

 

Fire Tender, 6x4, Crossley FE1

 

Fire Tender, 6x4, Fordson WOT1

 

Fire Tender, 6x4, Fordson WOT1A

 

Fire Tender, Austin K2

 

Fire Tender, Crossley 30-cwt Type P

W1: 5-tons 2 cwt

W2: 6-tons 10 cwt

L: 22ft 11in

W: 7ft 6in

H(max): 9ft 2in

ST(max): 39-tons/16 cu ft

Fire Tender, Karrier

 

Fire Tender, Merryweather

 

Fire Tender, Morris, type B1

W1: 2-tons 14 cwt

W2: 4-tons 1 cwt

L: 18ft 10in

W: 6ft 0in

H(max): 6ft 6in

H(min): 6ft 3in

ST(max): 18-tons/15 cu ft

ST(min): 17-tons/27 cu ft

Fire/Crash Tender, 1½-ton, 4x2, Chevrolet

 

Light Ambulance, 4x2, Standard 14 hp

 
 

Light Ambulance, 4x2, Standard 14 hp

 

Van, Fire Fighting and Rescue, 1¼-ton, 4x2, Morris LD2M

RAF Ref No (Vehicle): - 16A/2475

RAF Ref No (Chassis): -16A/2474

Engine:   Morris, 2.2 litre, diesel, 4-cyl, liquid cooled, 46 bhp @ 3,250 rpm.

L: 14ft 8in

W: 6ft 4in

H: 7ft 4in

Wt:  2 tons 19 cwt

Carries 100 gallons of water and is equipped to provide fire fighting cover for special MT convoys.

 

Van, Fire Fighting and Rescue, 1¼-ton, 4x2, Morris LD2M

Crown Copyright©

Truck, Fire-fighting, Airfield Crash Rescue, 4x4, Rover Series 2

RAF Ref No (Vehicle): - 16A/2529

RAF Ref No (Vehicle): - 16A/2495

RAF Ref No (Vehicle): - 16A/2620

 

Engine:  Land Rover, 2¼ litre, petrol, 4-cyl, liquid cooled, 77 bhp @ 4,250 rpm

L: 14ft 7in

W: 5ft 7in

H: 8ft 3in

WB: 9ft 1in

GC:  8in

Wt:  2 tons 11 cwt

The airfield crash rescue truck is designed to fulfil three main functions: -

  1. Immediate rescue from crashed aircraft.
  2. Extinguishing aircraft wheel brake fires.
  3. Escorting aircraft to dispersal points as a precaution against aircraft taxying fire hazards.
 

Truck, Fire-fighting, Airfield Crash Rescue, 4x4, Rover Series 2

Crown Copyright©

Truck, Fire Fighting,  ¾-ton, 4x4, Airfield Crash Rescue, Rover 9

L: 4.42m

W: 21.70m

H: 2.51m

WB: 2.77m

GC: 200mm

Truck, Fire Fighting, 10-ton, 6x6, Foam, Mark 9, Thorneycroft Nubian Major

L: 8.73m

W: 2.48m

H: 3.45m

WB: 4.57m

GC: 330mm

Truck, Fire Fighting, 2-ton, 4x2, Domestic, Water 100-gallon, Bedford EDGOBZO

L: 5.71m

W: 2.21m

H: 2.82m

WB: 2.92m

GC: 180mm

Truck, Fire Fighting, 4-ton, 4x2, Domestic, Water 450-gallon, Bedford EFN3BZO

L: 6.64m

W: 2.21m

H: 2.52m

WB: 3.83m

GC: 200mm

Truck, Fire Fighting, Domestic, Water 600-gallon, 4x2, Bedford SH

RAF Ref No (Vehicle): - 16A/2231

RAF Ref No (Chassis): - 16A/1638

Engine:  Bedford, 6-cy3l, petrol, liquid cooled, 110 bhp @ 3,000 rpm.

L: 22ft 10in

W: 7ft 4in

H: 8ft 11in

WB: 12ft 9in

GC:  9½in

Wt:  7 tons 19 cwt

The vehicles carries 600 gallons of water and is equipped for general fire-fighting.

 

Truck, Fire Fighting, Domestic, Water 600-gallon, 4x2, Bedford SH from front

Truck, Fire Fighting, Domestic, Water 600-gallon, 4x2, Bedford SH from rear

Crown Copyright©

Truck, Fire Fighting, Water/Foam, DP Mark 1, 4x4, Thorneycroft

 TF/B80

RAF Ref No (Vehicle): - 16A/2210

RAF Ref No (Vehicle): - 16A/2378 (with monitor)

RAF Ref No (Chassis): - 16A/2211

Engine:  Rolls-Royce, 8-cyl, liquid cooled, 140 bhp @ 3,500 rpm.

L: 20ft 7in

W: 7ft 6in

H: 10ft 0in

WB: 12ft 0in

Wt: 10 tons 1 cwt

Supplementary water carrier to support foam type fire-crash vehicles by rapid transfer of water to the fire truck.  Also may be used as a foam-crash truck under emergency conditions.  The vehicle is also equipped for domestic fire-fighting.  The vehicle carries 700 gallons water and 35 gallons of foam compound.  The truck 16A/2378 has a foam/water monitor fitted to the cab roof.  The monitor is operated by controls fitted in the cab on the bulkhead and is designed to deliver a high-pressure jet of foam or water.  A screen is fitted which can be raised in front of the windscreen to give the operator and crew protection from light fragmentation.

 

Truck, Fire Fighting, Water/Foam, DP Mark 1, 4x4, Thorneycroft TF/B80 from front

Truck, Fire Fighting, Water/Foam, DP Mark 1, 4x4, Thorneycroft TF/B80 from rear

Crown Copyright©

Truck, Fire Fighting, Water/Foam, DP Mark 2, 6x6, with monitor, Thorneycroft TFA/B81

RAF Ref No (Vehicle): - 16A/2386

RAF Ref No (Chassis): - 16A/2385

Engine:  Rolls-Royce, 8-cyl, liquid cooled, 168 bhp @ 3,500 rpm.

L: 22ft 5in/46.84m

W: 7ft 6in/2.30m

H: 10ft 5in/3.17m

WB: 12ft 3in/3.73m

GC: 13in/330mm

Wt: 12 tons 3 cwt

The vehicle carries 1,000 gallons water and 50 gallons of foam compound.  A monitor fitted to the cab roof and is controlled from within the cab , the monitor may be supplied with either water or foam from the pump.

 

Truck, Fire Fighting, Water/Foam, DP Mark 2, 6x6, with monitor, Thorneycroft TFA/B81

Crown Copyright©

Truck, Fire Fighting, Water, Foam, DP, Mark 3, 5-ton, 6x6, Thorneycroft TFA/B81

L: 6.59m

W: 2.33m

H: 3.73m (with lamp extended)

WB: 3.73m

GC:400mm

Truck, Fire Fighting, Foam, 4x4, Mark 5, Thorneycroft TF/B80

RAF Ref No (Vehicle): - 16A/1395

RAF Ref No (Chassis): -16A/1523

Engine:  Rolls-Royce, petrol, 8-cyl, liquid cooled, 155 bhp @ 3,500 rpm.

L: 22ft 0in/46.70m

W: 7ft 7in/2.31m

H: 10ft 7in/3.22m

WB: 12ft 0in/3.65m

GC: 13in/330mm

Wt:  10 tons 5 cwt

Foam-producing vehicle for aircraft crash and fire-fighting duties and capable of delivering water alone for use in domestic fire-fighting.

 

Truck, Fire Fighting, Foam, 4x4, Mark 5, Thorneycroft TF/B80

Crown Copyright©

Truck, Fire Fighting, Foam, 4x4, Mark 5A, Thorneycroft TF/B80

RAF Ref No (Vehicle): - 16A/2108

RAF Ref No (Chassis): -16A/1523

Engine:  Rolls-Royce, petrol, 8-cyl, liquid cooled, 155 bhp @ 3,500 rpm.

L: 21ft 0in/6.40m

W: 7ft 6in/2.30m

H: 10ft 0in/3.05m

WB: 12ft 0in/3.65m

GC: 12in/300mm

Wt:  9 tons 2 cwt

Foam-producing vehicle for aircraft crash and fire-fighting duties and capable of delivering water alone for use in domestic fire-fighting.

 

Truck, Fire Fighting, Foam, 4x4, Mark 5A, Thorneycroft TF/B80

Crown Copyright©

Truck, Fire Fighting, Foam, Mark 6, 6x6, Alvis Salamander

RAF Ref No (Vehicle): - 16A/2166

Engine:  Rolls-Royce, petrol, 8-cyl, liquid cooled, 237 bhp @ 4,000 rpm

L:  19ft 6in

W: 8ft 6in

H: 10ft 0in

WB: 10ft 0in (front to rear), 5ft (front to centre and centre to rear)

GC:  1ft 6in

Wt:  12 tons 12 cwt

This vehicle is designed to travel on roads or cross-country at high speeds and has been adapted for foam or chlorobromo-methane (CB) control of gasoline or oil fires and to facilitate other rescue operations on crashed aircraft.

 

Truck, Fire Fighting, Foam, Mark 6, 6x6, Alvis from rear

Crown Copyright©

Truck, Fire Fighting, Foam, Mark 6A, 6x6, Alvis

RAF Ref No (Vehicle): - 16A/2481

Engine:  Rolls-Royce, petrol, 8-cyl, liquid cooled, 237 bhp @ 4,000 rpm

L:  19ft 6in

W: 8ft 6in

H: 10ft 0in

WB: 10ft 0in (front to rear), 5ft (front to centre and centre to rear)

GC:  1ft 6in

Wt:  12 tons 12 cwt

This vehicle is designed to travel on roads or cross-country at high speeds and has been adapted for foam or chlorobromo-methane (CB) control of gasoline or oil fires and to facilitate other rescue operations on crashed aircraft.

 

Truck, Fire Fighting, Foam, Mark 6A, 6x6, Alvis from front

Truck, Fire Fighting, Foam, Mark 6A, 6x6, Alvis from rear

Crown Copyright©

Truck, Fire Fighting, Foam, Mark 6B, 6C and 6D, 6x6, Alvis

RAF Ref No (Vehicle): - 16A/2659 (Mk 6B)

RAF Ref No (Vehicle): - 16A/2654 (Mk 6C)

RAF Ref No (Vehicle): - 16A/2676 (Mk 6D)

Engine:  Rolls-Royce, petrol, 8-cyl, liquid cooled, 237 bhp @ 4,000 rpm

L:  19ft 6in

W: 8ft 6in

H: 10ft 0in

WB: 10ft 0in (front to rear), 5ft (front to centre and centre to rear)

GC:  1ft 6in

Wt:  12 tons 12 cwt (6B), 12 tons 11 cwt (6C & 6D)

This vehicle is designed to travel on roads or cross-country at high speeds and has been adapted for foam or chlorobromo-methane (CB) control of gasoline or oil fires and to facilitate other rescue operations on crashed aircraft.

 

Truck, Fire Fighting, Foam, Mark 6B, 6C and 6D, 6x6, Alvis

Crown Copyright©

Truck, Fire Fighting, Airfield Crash Rescue, 1¼-ton, 4x4, 110-in, Rover

L: 6.40m (including ladder)

W: 1.77m

H: 2.76m (over ladder)

WB: 2.79m

Truck, Fire Fighting, Airfield Crash Rescue, 1-ton, 4x4, Rover

L: 4.42m

W: 1.92m

H: 2.59m

WB: 2.77m

GC: 250mm

 

Truck, Fire Fighting, Airfield Crash Rescue, 1-ton, 4x4, Rover

 

Truck, Fire Fighting, Foam, Mark 7, 6x6, Thorneycroft TFA/B81

RAF Ref No (Vehicle): - 16A/2694

RAF Ref No (Chassis): - 16A/2695

Engine:  Rolls-Royce, petrol, 8-cyl, liquid cooled, 235 bhp @ 4,000 rpm

L: 19ft 6in/7.26m

W: 8ft 6in/2.43m

H: 10ft 0in/3.14m

WB: 10ft 0in/3.05m

Wt:  12 tons 19 cwt

This vehicle is designed for rescue operations on crashed aircraft and for fire-fighting duties.  The vehicle can be used on the road and under cross-country conditions and can be waded to a depth of 2ft 6in without special preparation.

Mark 7A was fitted with an automatic gearbox

 

Truck, Fire Fighting, Foam, Mark 7, 6x6, Thorneycroft TFA/B81 from front

Truck, Fire Fighting, Foam, Mark 7, 6x6, Thorneycroft TFA/B81 from rear

Crown Copyright©

Truck, Fire Fighting, Crash (tactical), ¾-ton, 4x4, Airfield Crash Rescue, Rover 11 (towing Trailer, Tanker, Driven Axle, Water,  ¾-ton, 2-wheel, 200-gal, Scottern)

L: 7.54m (including trailer)

W: 1.65m

H: 2.15m

WB: 2.77m (Rover), 3.07m (rear axle to trailer axle)

GC: 250mm

Truck, Fire Fighting, Foam, Mark 8, 3-ton, 4x4, Bedford RLHZ3

L: 6.45m

W: 2.74m

H: 3.25m

WB: 3.96m

GC: 300mm

Truck, Fire Fighting, 5-ton, 4x4, Foam, Mark 10, Scammell

L: 8.48m

W: 2.49m

H: 3.20m

WB: 4.00m
 

Truck, Fire Fighting, 5-ton, 4x4, Foam, Mark 10, Scammell

 

Truck, Fire Fighting, 6x4, Foam, Mark 11, Scammell

 

Truck, Fire Fighting, 6x4, Foam, Mark 11A, Scammell

 

The Imperial War Museum images on this page are used under the authority and conditions of an IWM Non-Commercial Licence

This page was last updated on 24/05/17 using FrontPage 2003©

         [Top of Page]