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Mechanical Transport (B Vehicles) - Cars, Vans and Motor Cycles


Throughout its life the RAF has used more motor vehicles then it has aircraft.  The term MT mean Mechanical Transport rather then Motor Transport as some of the earliest vehicles used were steam powered.  Much of the RAF's early MT equipment was taken over form the RFC and RNAS and much of this equipment continued to be used into the 1920s and even 1930s but in the 1920s it began to acquire its own equipment directly.

This list has been broken down into groups as shown above but does not claim to be exhaustive and further research is being undertaken.

W1 = Weight with vehicle equipment, but without load. W2 = Weight with vehicle equipment and load. L = Length. W = Width. H = Height. H(max) = Maximum Height. H(min) = Minimum Height. ST(max) - Maximum Shipping Tonnage. ST(min) = Minimum Shipping Tonnage, WB = Wheelbase.  GC = Ground Clearance.

* vehicles marked thus indicate the technical details are taken from Army sources rather than RAF, so may differ slightly.

Units of measurements are those used at the time the vehicles were in service.

1 kilogram (kg) = 2.2 pounds (lbs)

112 lbs = 1 Hundredweight (cwt)

1 Ton = 20 cwt

25.4 millimetres (mm) = 1 inch (in)

12 inches = 1 foot (ft)

Designation

Notes

Car, Staff, Crossley Type D (20.9 hp, 6 cyl)

 

Car, Desert (SSO), Hillman, type A

W1: 1-ton 17 cwt

L: 13ft 10in

W: 5ft 8in

H(max): 5ft 10½in

H(min): 4ft 3in

ST(max): 11-tons/20 cu ft

Car, Desert (SSO), Hillman, type C

W1: 2-tons 1 cwt

L: 16ft 0in

W: 6ft 0in

H(max): 5ft 6in

H(min): 4ft 0in

ST(max): 13-tons/8 cu ft

ST(min): 9-tons/32 cu ft

Car, Staff, Hillman, type B

W1: 1-ton 9 cwt

L: 14ft 4in

W: 5ft 9in

H(max): 5ft 9in

ST(max): 11-tons/34 cu ft

Car, Staff, Hillman, type D

W1: 1-ton 13 cwt

W2: 2-tons

L: 14ft 6in

W: 6ft 0in

H(max): 5ft 6in

ST(max): 11-tons/38 cu ft

Car, Staff (AOC), Crossley, type D

W1: 3-tons 1 cwt

L: 16ft 9in

W: 6ft 0in

H(max): 6ft 2in

ST(max): 15-tons/24 cu ft

Car, Staff, Humber Pullman

W1: 2-tons

L: 16ft 9in

W: 6ft 0in

H(max): 6ft 2in

ST(max): 15-tons/20 cu ft

 

Car, Staff, Humber Pullman

 

Car, Staff, Humber Snipe

 
 

Car, Staff, Humber Snipe

 

Car, Crossley Landaulette

 

Car, 4x2, Crossley Tourer

 
 

Car, 4x2, Crossley Tourer

 

Car, Crossley Type B (19.5 hp, 4 cyl)

 

Car, Ford Model T

 

Car, Heavy Utility, 4x2, Humber Snipe*

W1: 1-ton 13 cwt

W2: 1-ton 19¾ cwt

L: 15ft 0in

W: 5ft 10in

H(max): 5ft 11½in

Car, Limousine, 4x2, Austin A135

RAF Ref No (Vehicle) : - 16A/2150 (RHD)

RAF Ref No (Vehicle): - 16A/2151 (LHD)

Engine: Austin DM4, petrol, 6-cyl, ohv, liquid cooled, 120 bhp @ 4,000 rpm

L: 17ft 11in

W: 6ft 2½in

H: 5ft 10in

WB: 11ft 0in

GC: 6½in

Wt: 2-tons 2 cwt

Normal commercial type limousine for driver and six passengers

 

Car, Limousine, 4x2, Austin A135

Crown Copyright©

Car, Limousine, 4x2, Austin Princess

RAF Ref No (Vehicle) : - 16A/2491 (RHD)

RAF Ref No (Vehicle): - 16A/2527 (LHD)

Engine: Austin 40, petrol, 6-cyl, ohv, liquid cooled, 120 bhp @ 4,000 rpm

L: 18ft 0in

W: 6ft 3in

H: 6ft 1in

WB: 11ft 0in

GC: 6½in

Wt: 2-tons 2 cwt

Normal commercial type limousine for driver and six passengers

 

Car, Limousine, 4x2, Austin Princess

Crown Copyright©

Car, Limousine, 4x2, Humber Super Snipe, Series 3/4

RAF Ref No (Vehicle) : - 16A/2535 (Series 3)

RAF Ref No (Vehicle): - 16A/2717 (Series 4)

Engine:

Series 3 - Humber 180.1 cu in, petrol, 6-cyl, ohv, liquid cooled, 121 bhp @ 4,900 rpm

Series 4 - Humber 180.8 cu in, petrol, 6-cyl, ohv, liquid cooled, 132 bhp @ 5,000 rpm

L: 15ft 8in

W: 5ft 10½in

H: 5ft 1in

WB: 9ft 2in

GC: 7in

Wt: 1-ton 10 cwt

Commercial type saloon car with accommodation for driver and five passengers.

 

Car, Limousine, 4x2, Humber Super Snipe, Series 3

Crown Copyright©

Car, Limousine, 4x2, Jaguar Mk 8B

RAF Ref No (Vehicle) : - 16A/2750

Engine: Jaguar, 3.8 litre, 6-cyl, ohv, petrol, 22- bhp @5,500 rpm.

L: 14ft 4½in

W: 6ft 1½in

H: 5ft 3in

WB: 10ft oin

GC: 7½in

Wt: 1-ton 14cwt

Commercial type saloon car with accommodation for driver and four passengers.

 

Car, Limousine, 4x2, Jaguar Mk 8B

Crown Copyright©

Car, Limousine, 4x2, Humber Hawk, Series 3

RAF Ref No (Vehicle) : - 16A/2697

Engine: Humber, 4-cyl, ohv, liquid cooled, petrol, 78 bhp @4,400 rpm

L: 15ft 4¾in

W: 5ft 9½in

H: 5ft 1in

WB: 9ft 2in

GC: 7in

Wt: 1-ton 8 cwt

Commercial type saloon car/limousine with accommodation for driver and five passengers.

 

Car, Limousine, 4x2, Humber Hawk, Series 3

Crown Copyright©

Car, Limousine, Grade 1, 4x2, Daimler 4.2 Litre

L: 5.74m

W: 1.97m

H: 1.53m

WB: 3.58m

GC: 180mm

Used as Staff car

Car, Saloon, 4x2, Humber Hawk, Series 1A

RAF Ref No (Vehicle) : - 16A/2446 (RHD)

RAF Ref No (Vehicle): - 16A/2472 (LHD)

Engine: Humber, 4-cyl, ohv, liquid cooled, petrol, 75 bhp @ 4,400 rpm

L: 15ft 5in

W: 5ft 10in

H: 5ft 1in

WB: 9ft 2in

GC: 7in

Wt: 1-ton 7 cwt

Commercial type saloon car with accommodation for driver and five passengers.

 

Car, Saloon, 4x2, Humber Hawk, Series 1A

Crown Copyright©

Car, Saloon, 4x2, Ford Zephyr 6

RAF Ref No (Vehicle) : - 16A/2557 (RHD - UK)

RAF Ref No (Vehicle): - 16A/2556 (LHD)

RAF Ref No (Vehicle) : - 16A/2558 (RHD with heavy duty battery)

RAF Ref No (Vehicle): - 16A/2559 (LHD)

Engine: Ford, 6-cyl, ohv, liquid cooled, petrol, 85 bhp @ 4,400 rpm

L: 14ft 11in

W: 5ft 9in

H: 5ft 0½in

WB: 8ft 11in

GC: 6.8in

Wt: 1-ton 4 cwt

Commercial type saloon car with accommodation for driver and five passengers.

 

Car, Saloon, 4x2, Ford Zephyr 6

Crown Copyright©

Car, Saloon, 4x2, Ford Zephyr 4

RAF Ref No (Vehicle) : - 16A/2665 (RHD)

RAF Ref No (Vehicle): - 16A/2689 (LHD)

Engine: Ford, 4-cyl, ohv, liquid cooled, petrol, 63 bhp @ 4,800 rpm

L: 15ft 0½in

W: 5ft 9in

H: 4ft 9½in

WB: 8ft 11in

GC: 6¾in

Wt: 1-ton 3 cwt

Commercial standard type saloon

 

Car, Saloon, 4x2, Ford Zephyr 4

Crown Copyright©

Car, Saloon, 4x2, Standard Vanguard Mk 3

RAF Ref No (Vehicle) : - 16A/2223 (RHD)

RAF Ref No (Vehicle): - 16A/2224 (LHD)

Engine: Standard, petrol, 4-cyl, ohv, liquid cooled, 68 bhp @4,200 rpm

L: 14ft 4in

W: 5ft 8in

H: 5ft 2in

WB: 8ft 6in

GC: 7in

Wt: 1-ton 4 cwt

Commercial type saloon car with accommodation for driver and five passengers.

 

Car, Saloon, 4x2, Standard Vanguard Mk 3

Crown Copyright©

Car, Saloon, 4x2, Austin 1800

RAF Ref No (Vehicle): - 16A/2843

RAF Ref No (Vehicle): - 16A/2844

RAF Ref No (Vehicle): - 16A/2845

RAF Ref No (Vehicle): - 16A/2846

RAF Ref No (Vehicle): - 16A/2847

RAF Ref No (Vehicle): - 16A/2848

Engine: Austin, type 18 AMW, petrol, 4-cyl, liquid cooled, 1798cc

L: 13ft 8-3/16in

W: 5ft 6¾in

H: 4ft 8¼in

WB: 8ft 10-1/8in

GC: 6-5/8in

Wt: 1-ton 2 cwt

Normal commercial type passenger vehicle.

 

Car, Saloon, 4x2, Austin 1800

Crown Copyright©

Car, Saloon, Grade 2, 4x2, Rover 3.5 litre

L: 4.75m

W: 1.79m

H: 1.55m

WB: 2.81m

GC: 180mm

Car, Saloon, Grade 4, 4x2, Austin 1800 Mk 2

L: 4.22m

W: 1.68m

H: 1.43m

WB: 2.69m

GC: 150mm

Replaced by the Ford Cortina Mk IV

Car, Saloon, Grade 4, 4x2, Ford Cortina Mk IV

L: 4.59m

W: 1.80m

H: 1.57m

Replaced by the Vauxhall Caviller

Car, Saloon, Grade 4, 4x2, Hillman Hunter GL

L: 4.36m

W: 1.62m

H: 1.42m

WB: 2.5m

GC: 140mm

Used as an interim vehicle between the BMC 1800 and Ford Cortina Mk IV

Car, Saloon, Grade 4, 4x2, Vauxhall Cavalier

L: 4.37m

W: 1.67m

H: 1.40m

WB: 2.57m

Car, Saloon, 4x2, Morris Mini

Car, Saloon, Grade 5, 4x2, Morris Mini

RAF Ref No (Vehicle): - 16A/2539 (RHD)

RAF Ref No (Vehicle): - 16A/2534 (LHD)

RAF Ref No (Vehicle): - 16A/2817 (RHD)

RAF Ref No (Vehicle): - 16A/2814 (LHD)

L: 10ft 0in (3.05m)

W: 4ft 7in (1.39m)

H: 4ft 4½in (1.31m)

WB: 6ft 8-5/32in (2.04m)

GC: 6-3/8in (150mm)

Wt: 11 cwt

Commercial type saloon car with accommodation for driver and three passengers.  Replaced by the Morris Metro

 

Car, Saloon, 4x2, Morris Mini

Crown Copyright©

Car, Saloon, Grade 5, 4x2, Morris Metro

 

Car, Utility, Small, 4x2, Ford Escort Estate

L: 4.06m

W: 1.56m

H: 1.34m

WB: 2.41m

GC: 130mm

Replaced by the Vauxhall Chevette

Car, Utility, 4x2, Vauxhall Chevette E

L: 4.19m

W: 1.57m

H: 1.32m

WB: 2.39m

GC: 170mm

Based on the Vauxhall Chevette Estate

Car, 5 cwt, 4x4, Willys MB* W1: 1-ton

W2: 1-ton 7½ cwt

L: 11ft 0in

W: 5ft 4in (handling grips on outer side of body detached - 5ft 0in)

H: 6ft 0in (hood up), 4ft 4in (hood down)

WB: 6ft 8in

GC: 8½in (Front Axle), 9½in (Transfer Case)

Generally known as 'JEEP'
Car, 5 cwt, Type 1900, Ford GPW* As Willys MB

Generally known as 'JEEP'

 

 

Renovated 1943 Ford GPW 'Jeep' belonging to Pete Jeffery (photos courtesy Pete Jeffery ©)

Car, Utility, 4x2, Standard Vanguard

RAF Ref No (Vehicle): - 16A/2381 (LHD: overdrive unit)

RAF Ref No (Vehicle): - 16A/2362 (RHD)

RAF Ref No (Vehicle): - 16A/2424 (LHD)

Engine: Standard, petrol 4-cyl, ohv, liquid cooled, 68 bhp @4,200 rpm

L: 14ft 4in

W: 5ft 8in

H: 5ft 2in

WB: 8ft 6in

GC: 7¼in

Wt: 1-ton 6cwt

Commercial type passenger vehicle with estate car body

 

Car, Utility, 4x2, Standard Vanguard

Crown Copyright©

Car, Utility, 4x2, Morris J2

RAF Ref No (Vehicle): - 16A/2361

Engine: Morris, petrol, 4-cyl, liquid cooled, 42 bhp @ 4,000 rpm

L: 14ft 2in

W: 6ft 2in

H: 7ft 0in

WB: 7ft 6in

GC: 8in (under rear axle)

Wt: 1-ton 6 cwt

General purpose passenger or light goods vehicle.

Car, Utility, 4x2, Morris J2

Crown Copyright©

Car, Utility, Large, 4x2, 6-Seater, Bedford CF97170

L: 4.30m

W: 1.94m

H: 1.85m

WB: 2.69m

GC: 120mm

Replaced by Leyland Sherpa

Car, Utility, Large, 4x2, (Leyland Sherpa)

L: 4.62m

W: 2.10m

H: 2.02m

WB: 2.90m
 

Car, Utility, Large, 4x2, (Leyland Sherpa)

 

Car, Light Utility, 4x2, Austin G/YG

 
 

Car, Light Utility, 4x2, Austin G/YG]

 

Car, Light Utility, 4x2, Morris M Light Military

 
 

Car, Light Utility, 4x2, Morris M Light Military

 

Car, Light Utility, 4x2, Standard 12 hp

 
 

Car, Light Utility, 4x2, Standard 12 hp

 

Motor Cycle, 500cc, Side Valve, BSA M20

W1: 3 cwt

L: 7ft 2in

W: 2ft 5½in

H(max): 3ft 3in

ST(max): 1-ton/18 cu ft

BSA Motor Cycle (photo courtesy Pete Jeffery ©)

Motor Cycle, Harley-Davidson 42WLA?

W1: 525lbs

L: 7ft 5in

W: 2ft 10in

H(max): 3ft 6in

Motor Cycle, 500cc, Indian 741*

W1: 475lbs

L: 7ft 4½in

W: 2ft 9in

H(max): 3ft 3¼in

Motor Cycle, 98cc, James Comet J10

RAF Ref No: - 16A/1746

Engine:  Villiers, Mark 1F, single-cylinder, petrol, two-stroke, 98cc.  Petroil lubrication.  Flywheel-magneto ignition.

L: 6ft 7in

W: 2ft 1½in

H: 2ft 9½in (less windscreen)

WB: 4ft 1in

GC:  5in

Wt:  150 lb

Civilian type, lightweight, two-stroke motor cycle.  Two-speed gearbox

 

Motor Cycle, 98cc, James Comet J10

Crown Copyright©

Motor Cycle, 98cc, James Comet J11

RAF Ref No: - 16A/2153

Engine: Villiers, Mark 4F, single-cylinder, petrol, two-stroke, 98cc.  Petroil lubrication.  Flywheel-magneto ignition.

L: 6ft 6in

W: 2ft 1½in

H: 2ft 9½in

WB: 4ft 1in

GC:  4½in

Wt:  128 lb

Civilian type, lightweight, two-stroke motor cycle.  Two-speed gearbox

 

Motor Cycle, 98cc, James Comet J11

Crown Copyright©

Motor Cycle, 98cc, James Comet L1

RAF Ref No : - 16A/2232

Engine: Villiers, Mark 4F, single-cylinder, petrol, two-stroke, 98cc.  Petroil lubrication.  Flywheel-magneto ignitio

L: 6ft 4½in

W: 2ft 2in

H: 2ft 9½in (seat height - 2ft 3in)

WB: 4ft 1½in

GC:  5in

Wt:  165 lb

Civilian type, lightweight, two-stroke motor cycle.  Spring frame.  Two-speed gearbox

 

Motor Cycle, 98cc, James Comet L1

Crown Copyright©

Motor Cycle, 500cc, Side Valve, Norton 16H*

W1: 388lbs

L: 7ft 1½in

W: 2ft 6in

H(max): 3ft 2¼in

Cycle, Motor, P&M Mk I

 

Cycle, Motor, P&M Mk II

 

Cycle, Motor, P&M Mk III

 

Motor Cycle, 350cc, Triumph type 3SW*

W1: 335lbs

L: 6ft 9in

W: 2ft 6in

H(max): 3ft 4in

Motor Cycle, 500cc, Triumph TRW (Magneto ignition)

RAF Ref No: - 16A/1302

Engine: Triumph, Type TRW, twin-cylinder, side valve, air-cooled, petrol, 499cc, dry sump lubrication, magneto ignition.

L: 6ft 10½in

W: 2ft 4½in

H: 3ft 5in

WB: 4ft 5in

GC:  6¼in

Wt: 370 lb

Heavy duty, twin-cylinder, motor cycle developed for service use.  Four speed gearbox.  Solid frame.

 

Motor Cycle, 500cc, Triumph TRW (Magneto ignition)

Crown Copyright©

Motor Cycle, 350cc, OHV, Velocette*

W1: 340 lbs

L: 7ft 1in

W: 2ft 3½in

H(max): 3ft 1½in

Motor Cycle, Villiers

 

Van, 5-cwt, , Singer

W1: 14 cwt

W2: 19 cwt

L: 11ft 1in

W: 4ft 6in

H(max): 5ft 8in

ST(max): 7-tons/3 cu ft

Van, 5-cwt, 4x2, Trojan 10 hp

 
 

Van, 5-cwt, 4x2, Trojan 10 hp

 

Van, 10-cwt, Trojan

W1: 17 cwt

W2: 1-ton 7 cwt

L: 12ft 5in

W: 5ft 0in

H(max): 6ft 6in

ST(max): 10-tons/3 cu ft

Van, 15-cwt, Commer, type A

W1: 1-ton 10 cwt

L: 15ft 0in

W: 5ft 8in

H(max): 6ft 6in

ST(max): 13-tons/33 cu ft

Van, 15-cwt, Hillman

W1: 1-ton 12 cwt

L: 14ft 6in

W: 6ft 0in

H(max): 5ft 6in

ST(max): 12-tons/7 cu ft

Van, 4x2, ¼-ton, BMC Mini Van

Van, ¼-ton, , 4x2, Morris Mini

RAF Ref No (Vehicle): - 16A/2632

Van, 4x2, Security, small, BMC Mini Van

RAF Ref No (Vehicle): - 16A/2553

 

Engine: BMC, 4-cyl, liquid cooled, petrol, 37 bhp @ 5,500 rpm.

L: 10ft 10in/3.03m

W: 4ft 8in/1.42m

H: 4ft 5in/1.34m

WB: 6ft 8-5/32in/2.03m

GC: 6-3/8in/150mm

Wt: 11 cwt

Commercial type van with accommodation for driver and one passenger.  Civilian equivalent: BMC Mini-Minor van.

 

Van, 4x2, ¼-ton, BMC Mini Van

Crown Copyright©

Van, 4x2, Security, small, Morris J2

RAF Ref No (Vehicle): - 16A/2471

RAF Ref No (Chassis): - 16A/2375

Engine:  BMC, petrol, 4-cyl, liquid cooled, 42 bhp @ 4,000 rpm.

L: 14ft 2in (internal - 9ft 4in)

W: 6ft 2in (internal - 6ft 1¾in)

H: 7ft 0in (internal - 4ft 9in, loading - 2ft 0in)

WB: 7ft 6in

GC:  8in

Wt:  1 ton 6 cwt

Commercial type van for transporting mail.

 

Van, 4x2, Security, small, Morris J2

Crown Copyright©

Van, 1¾-ton, Forward Supply, 4x2, Bedford CF97790

L: 4.92m (body - 2.89m)

W: 2.08m (body - 1.95m)

H: 2.61m (body - 1.82m, loading - 760mm)

WB: 3.20m

GC: 130mm

Van, Fire Fighting and Rescue, 1¾-ton, 4x2, Bedford CF97790

L: 4.92m (body - 2.89m)

W: 2.08m (body - 1.95m)

H: 2.61m (body - 1.82m, loading - 760mm)

WB: 3.20m

GC: 130mm

Van, 4x2, Ford Model T

 
 

Van, 4x2, Ford Model T

 

Van, 1-ton, Ford

 

Van, 1-ton, Ford

 

Van, 7-cwt, Ford

 

Van, Medium, 4x2, 350 cu ft, BLMC 350EA, Diesel

L: 4.18m (body - 2.48m)

W: 1.99m (body - 1.75m)

H: 2.50m (body - 1.72m, loading - 680mm)

WB: 2.58m

GC: 140mm

Van, Medium, 4x2, 370 cu ft, Bedford CF9770

L: 4.92m (body - 2.89m)

W: 2.08m (body - 1.95m)

H: 2.61m (body - 1.75m, loading - 760mm)

WB: 3.20m

GC: 130mm

Van, 15 cwt, Commer Q2

 
 

Van, 15 cwt, Commer Q2

 

Van, Morris 20-cwt

 

Van, Morris 30-cwt

 

Van, Photographic Handling, 1¾-ton, 4x2, Bedford CDDOB20 (JIZ2)

L: 5.54m (body internal - 3.17m)

W: 2.05m (body internal - 1.85m)

H: 2.59m (body internal - 1.77m)

WB: 3.02m

GC: 200mm

Van, Pantechnicon, 4-ton, 4x2, Thames

RAF Ref No (Vehicle) : - 16A/1511

RAF Ref No (Chassis): - 16A/1517

RAF Ref No (Body): - 16A/1526

Engine: Fordson, V-8 commercial, petrol, liquid cooled, 85 bhp @ 3,500 rpm.

L: 22ft 0in (internal, main body and over cab - 18ft 6in, floor level - 14ft 6in)

W: 7ft 7in (internal - 6ft 9in)

H: 11ft 0in (internal, main body - 7ft 9in, over cab - 3ft 0in)

WB: 13ft 1in

GC:  8in

Wt:  3 tons 14 cwt

Civilian type, high loading Pantechnicon body with wheel-arch  floor.

 

Crown Copyright©

Van, Pantechnicon, 7-ton, 4x2, Bedford SLCG

RAF Ref No (Vehicle) : - 16A/2188

RAF Ref No (Chassis): - 16A/2187

RAF Ref No (Body): - 16A/2213

Engine:  Bedford, 6-cyl, petrol, liquid cooled, 97 bhp @ 3,000 rpm.

L: 22ft 3in (internal, main body and over cab - 20ft 3in, floor level - 16ft 0in)

W: 7ft 7in (internal - 6ft 9in)

H: 12ft 11in (loading - 3ft 11in, internal, main body - 8ft 6½in, over cab - 4ft 2in)

WB: 13ft 0in

GC:  10in

Wt:  3 tons 17 cwt

Civilian type, high loading Pantechnicon body with wheel-arch  floor.

 

Crown Copyright©

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